Researchers find a new way to Diagnose Pneumonia “Within Minutes”, ie protien “Clue” “Saving Children’s Lives
Pneumonia is on of the leading cause of death in children globally.The main reason behind this is the lack of a quick and accurate diagnosis methods, mainly in developing countries.Being able to tell whether a child has severe pneumonia caused by bacteria,then it must be treated quickly with antibiotics is critical.
Some Distressing Facts about Pneumonia
1.Pneumonia is the single largest cause of death in children worldwide.
2.According to World Health Organization Pneumonia causes 1.1 million deaths every year in children younger than five.
3.Pneumonia accounts for 18% of all deaths of children under five years old worldwide
4.Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia in children
5.In addition to all these the major one is:– Delayed diagnosis is an important risk factor for death in children with pneumonia
Pneumonia diagnosis (current)
Bacterial culture-confirmation of pneumococcal infection takes at least 24 hours
Lack of microbiology facilities in developing countries – and in primary care or after-hours clinics in developed countries – limits rapid diagnosis
Rapid pneumonia tests using the biomarkers may replace time-consuming and labour-intensive methods, giving a diagnosis within hours.
A latest Research conducted by Dr Climent Casals-Pascual, a researcher at the University of Oxford’s Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, has revealed that a protein “clue” detected in the blood can be used to diagnose pneumonia caused by bacteria in minutes.This research will brings a quick and effective method for a rapid Pneumonia diagnosis.But the rights to develop and manufature the test are available through Isis Innovation, the University of Oxford’s technology commercialisation company.According to the researchers this test will be particularly important for children in remote areas or in the developing world where an x-ray or blood culture diagnosis is rarely available.
The researchers found the protein biomarker by undertaking a painstaking and detailed comparison of blood samples from 390 children in Gambia with and without pneumonia.
[quote_box_left]“This biomarker can be developed into a test that is faster and more sensitive than blood cultures or x-rays,” said Casals-Pascual. “We can also use this test to distinguish between those children who are breathless with malaria and those with pneumonia, and treat each child quickly and appropriately.”[/quote_box_left]