Paramedical courses cover vast area of specialised training and practice in the medical field. The number of paramedical staff required in a hospital or any voluntary organisation is very high as compared to the medical staff. So the scope and career opportunities are nothing to be highlighted.
The paramedical team comprises of physiotherapists, occupational therapists, ophthalmic technologists, speech therapists etc. Persons trained in these areas work in the health care sector along with doctors and nurses and play an equally important role in providing a better quality of life to human beings.Hospitals, nursing homes rehabilitation centres, diagnostic centres and polyclinics are some of the important places where the professionals in the paramedical field work. Their working hours are more regulated than those of doctors or nurses.
A physiotherapist uses physical means such as exercises, movements (sometimes in the water),weight,electrotherapy and massage to treat Partially paralysed and convalescent for a large variety of conditions. Sometimes they treat patients under the eh general direction of doctors as they may evolve their own approach to treatment.The work of physiotherapists may tend to be physically strenuous as it involves lifting and supporting patients. They are trained to do without straining themselves. Physiotherapists treat patients of all ages and use their judgement for treating individuals, encouraging them and adapting suitable techniques to allay fears and dis-comfort. They can exercise the option of being employed in hospitals and other medical centres or rehabilitation centres or they may set up their own private practice.
Occupational therapist treat patients suffering from physical or mental disorders by whatever form of training that is likely to contribute to their recovery.They receive guidance from the patient’s doctor regarding the degree of recovery the patient may be expected to achieve. on the basis of this guidance, they plan into the treatment strategy,to suit individual patients, taking into account their physical, social, economic and psychological conditions While working with physically disabled persons they may need the co-operation of physiotherapists and when working with psychiatric patients, they usually work in co-operation with psychiatric staff. They may also visit patients in their own homes to check on their progress once they have been discharged from the hospital. Occupational therapists may teach disabled children to feed themselves, to play and to work with special aids.
Paramedical Courses & Training:
There are specialized courses of training in occupational therapy and physiotherapy for three years, followed by a six months period of internship. Eligibility: Plus two or equivalent, with physics, chemistry and biology securing 50% marks with a pass in English. These courses lead to the bachelor’s degree.
The physiotherapy course includes
Theory and practice of body movements,
Electrotherapy and manipulative procedures and how to handle patients.
The syllabus includes a study on the medical and surgical conditions for which physiotherapy may be used.
The occupational therapy syllabus includes
medicine and surgery (Theory only) and psychiatry.
Occupational techniques for various disabilities and problems are part of the curriculum and trainees are taught how to organize recreational and cultural activities, art and craft work and the theory and the principles underlying occupational therapy for physical and mental disabilities.
The courses are conducted in many places and the Process of selection involves appearing for an admission test which evaluates the candidate’s knowledge of PhYsics, chemistry and biology at the plus two or equivalent level. The Rehabilitation Council of India, 4 Vishnu Digarnbar Marg, New Delhi-110002 conducts a joint entrance examination for admission to the first Year of the professional courses in physiotherapy and occupational therapy
Institutes Offering Paramedical Courses:
• The Institute for The Physically Handicapped, 4 Vishnu Digamber Marg, New Delhi-110002 Offers B.Sc. (Hons) Physical Therapy/Occupational Therapy
• University of Madras, Centenary Building, Chelpauk, Chennai -600 005
• G.S Medical College, School Of Physiotherapy, Patel, Mumbai -400012
• T.N Medical College, Mumbai -400008
• L.T. Medical College, Sion, Mumbai -400022
• Christian Medical College, Vellore
• Government Medical College, Chennai
• AIIPM, Haji Ali, Mumbai -400034
• Kasthurba Medical College, Manipal-576119
• Government Medical College, Nagpur-440003
• School of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, S.M.S Medical College, Jaipur-302004.
• School of Physiotherapy, SSG Hospital, Vadodara¬390006.
At present, most of the Physiotherapy/Occupational Therapy courses are of 4’/, years duration including internship. Sports Physiotherapy is an emerging specialisation that will see further growth.
G. Perumal Memorial Hospital, Morarjee Mills No.2 Compound, Ganpatrao Kapodam Marg, Off Worli Naka, Mumbai- 400013
offers a Short term Course in Sports Science which physiotherapists may utilise.
Certificate Course in Sports Physiotherapy offered at:
The Indira Gandhi Institute of Physical Education and Sports Science, University of Delhi, New Delhi.
All India Institute of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation (AIIPM), Mumbai -400034 offers One year Diploma in Rehabilitation course for Occupational Therapyists/Physiotherapists.
B.Sc.degree in Occupational Therapy/Physi¬otherapy or 3 years Diploma in Occupational Therapy/ Physiotherapy with Six month internship completion certificate by 31st August of year of admission.
Tamil Nadu Dr MGR Medical University, No. 40, Anna Salai, Nawab Garden Guindy, Chennai –
Bachelor Of Occupation Therapy Degree Course (B.O.T)
Eligibility for Paramedical Courses:
Should have passed at the qualifying examinations (Academic Stream) after a period of 12 years of study and minimum of total of five subjects which shall include the subjects of Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Botany and Zoology.Age Limit: A candidate should have completed the age of 17 years at the time of admission or would complete the said age on or before 31st December of the year of admission to the 1st. B.O.T degree course.
Shree Devi College of Physio Therapy, Bellal Bagh, Mangalore Ph: 0824-456501, 456511 (BPT – Four Year Degree Course)
PROSTHETIC & ORTHOTIC ENGINEERING
This paramedical option is allied to both Medicine and Engineeing. Its application is to the field of Medi-cine, while the study and practice are more akin to Engineering.This branch of specialisation involves the science of design and manufacture of artificial structures aids and devices which may replace missing parts of the body, Prosthetic and Orthotic engineers make it possible for people to carry on normal activities to the maximum possible extent even after they have lost full use of their limbs as a result of disease or injury. The work is both technical and imaginative.The training programme (leading to a diploma) in the field of Prosthetic and Orthotic Engineering varies between two and a half to three years with a period of internship included. The programmes of training are available at:
1. National Institue of Rehabilitation Training and
Research, Olatpur, Cuttack-754010.
2. National Institute for Orthopaedically Handicapped,
Hoogly, B.T. Kolkata -700090.
3. Government Institute of Rehabilitation of Medicine,
K.K Nagar, Chennai -600083
4. Schieffeline Leprosy Research and Training Centre,
Karigiri SLR, Sanatorium P.O North Arcot Dist.
5. Christian Medical College, Vellore -63200
6. Department of Rehabilitation at Safdarjung Hospital,
The admission is restricted to students who have completed the plus two or equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics securing atleast 50 percent marks.
The Safdarjung Hospital usually advertises its course inJuly, while the Rehabilitation Councilannounce in programme of admission in February
Bachelor of Prosthetics & Orthotics can be specialized . from the All India Institute of Physical Medicine • & Rehabilitation (AIIPM), Mumbai
AUDIOLOGY & SPEECH THERAPY
Audiology and speech therapists work with people who are affected by hearing and/or speech defects or facing difficulties in using language. They work with children who stammer, or who may have an articulation problem or are excessively slow in learning to talk. They, work with patients in hospitals who have communication disorders due to brain damage or disease. Patients who have had their larynx or voice box removed have to be taught an alternative method of producing sound.
The bachelor’s degree programmes are of three and a half years duration including six months internship, These programmes are available at:
1. Ali Yavar Jung National Institute of Hearing Handicapped, K.C. Marg, Bandra Raclamation, Bandra (W), Mumbai -400050
Courses: B.Sc – Audiology and Speech Rehabilitation, BED – Hearing Impaired, Diploma in Comm-nication Disorders,
Diploma in Education of Hear¬ing Impaired, MSc – Audiology and Speech Therapy MEd (Hearing Impaired). Also M.Sc (Speech and Hearing course).
2. University of Mysore
3. B.Y.L. Nair Hospital T.N. Medical College, Dr. A.L. Nair Road, Mumbai -400 008
4. All India Institute of Speech & HearinManasagangothri, Mysore -576 005. Also We. (S & H course)
5. College of physiotherapy & Speech and Hearing A.B Shetty circle Mangloore 575001
6. All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)P Ansari Nagar, New Delhi -110 029
7. Institute of Speech and Hearing, Hanna 11°4 Bangalore -560 084
8.Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education Research, Sector 12, Chandigarh -160 012
9. Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mailir’
10.University of Madras
Eligibility: The course is open to students who have attained 17 years of age but are below 25 Years’ passed 10+2 or equivalent exam with Physics, Chemistry